Marine Wildlife Areas
Marine Wildlife Areas (MWA) are designated by the Canadian Wildlife Service (Environment Canada) to protect and conserve habitat for a variety of wildlife, including migratory birds and endangered species. They are established under the Canada Wildlife Act, which was amended in 1994 to allow National Wildlife Areas to be extended as Marine Widlife Areas out to Canada's 200 nautical mile exclusive economic zone limit. This was done to address coastal and offshore conservation issues.
As Marine Wildlife Areas are designed for conservation; most human activities will be restricted in these regions.
There are not yet any Marine Wildlife Areas in Canada. Several candidate sites are under study, including the Scott Islands archipelago off British Columbia, which would be the first MWA officially established in Canada.
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